Articles | Health

Childhood Diseases

CHICKEN POX:
Also known as Varicella.
Highly contagious disease.
Symptoms include headaches, moderate fever, loss of appetite and general feeling of illness.
Chicken Pox typically produces a characteristic itchy rash consisting of small raised blisters.
These become crusted and may cause scarring.
The disease may be more severe in adults.
Chickenpox is spread by airborne droplets.
The child is most contagious just after the symptoms begin and remains contagious until the last blisters have become crusts.
Prevention is preferable.
The VARILRIX vaccination is available from the age of nine months onwards.

 

MEASLES:
Spread by virus called Morbivillis. Spread by respiratory transmission.
Incubation period — 10 days.
Symptoms include a high fever, cough, runny nose and conjunctivitis before rash is evident.
Koplik Spots in mouth. These are blue/white spots on a bright red background found in the mouth.
A rash appears a few days after the first symptoms. This is found firstly on the head and face spreading to the arms, trunk and legs. The rash is not itchy.
Measles is a serious illness and complications are common.
The child must be seen by a doctor and then isolated.
There is no specific treatment. Keep the child comfortable and give Paracetamol for the fever.
Vaccination is available at 9 and 18 months. The MMR may be given between 15 and 18 months.

MENINGITIS:

CAUSES:

  • Viral
  • Bacterial

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:
In Infants:

  • Poor sucking
  • Vomiting
  • Fretfulness
  • Fever
  • Convulsions

In Children:

  • Headaches
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Stiffness in the neck

DIAGNOSIS:

  • Lumbar Puncture

TREATMENT:

  • Antibiotic treatment
  • Pain relief
  • Bed rest

PREVENTION:

  • Vaccination

ROSEOLA INFANTUM (BABY MEASLES):

CAUSES:

  • Viral

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

  • Fever
  • Irritable behavior
  • Loss of appetite
  • Rash after a few days

DIAGNOSIS:

  • On symptoms

TREATMENT:

  • Mild medications to relieve fever
  • Rest

PREVENTION:

  • None

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